Waterloo Directory of English Newspapers and Periodicals: 1800 - 1900
(Access ID: 80598, Book Ref:   5:246)

  1860?; vol 1 no 1, 21 Sep 1861 - 13 May 1865; vol 1 [2s], 1865 - vol 73 [2s], 10 Aug 1901.
London, Middlesex. Ed: Henry J. Byron (1861 - 13 May 1865); Charles Dalziel (1878 - 1893); Tom Hood (20 May 1865 - Nov 1874); Henry Sampson (05 Dec 1874 - 1878). Prop: Henry J. Byron (1861+); Edward Dalziel (1870 - 1893); George Dalziel (1870 - 1893); Gilbert Dalziel; Charles MacLean (1861 - 1864); Edward Wylam (1865 - 1870). Pub: Baker; Dalziel Bros (1870 - 09 Aug 1893); W. Lay (1891); M. Elton & Co (1861 - 1900); Charles MacLean (Sep 1861 - May 1865); Moffitt; George Newnes (Jan-Jul 1901); Charles Whyte (1861); Edward Wylam (20 May 1865 - 1869). Printer: Charles Whyte (1861). Contributors: Thomas Archer; E.C. Barnes; Ambrose Bierce (pseudo Dod Grile); Sidney Blanchard; John C. Brough; William Brough; Francis C. Burnand; H.J. Byron; Henry Saville Clarke; E.G. Dalziel (ill.); George Louis Palmella Busson Du Maurier (ill.); T.H.S. Escott; William Schwenck Gilbert (Sir) pseudos: Snarler; A. Dapter; A Trembling Widow; The Comic Physiognomist); Paul Gray (ill.); Andrew Halliday; Bret Harte; Tom Hood; Arthur Boyd Houghton (ill. 1866 - 1867); T.S. Jerrold; F.W. Lawson (ill.); Henry S. Leigh; Charles Godfrey Leland; J. Mahoney (ill.); Matt Morgan (ill.); George John Pinwell (ill.); William Jeffrey Prowse; C.W. Quin; Mayne Reid; Thomas William Robertson; George Rose; George Ross (pseudo Arthur Sketchley); G.A. Sala; Henry Sampson; Clement Scott; George R. Sims; William Small (ill. 1870?); J. Ashby Sterry; W.B. Tegetmeier; Alfred Thompson (ill.); J.G. Thomson (ill.); Walter Thornbury; Godfrey Turner; Wells (ill.); Edmund Yates. Names: Ambrose Bierce (staff member). Size: 99pp/vol?; 28cm, 8-10pp/no. Price: 4s6d/vol, 5s/vol st (1861); 1d/no (1865). Circulation: 20,000 (1865). Frequency: weekly. Illustration: cartoons, engravings.
Indexing: index/vol. Departments: almanack and diary, the comic encyclopedia, lives of eminent statesmen, our prize essays, Mrs. Grundy's gossiping, wanderings in London, gossip of the week, "The Bauble", satire, verses, reviews, Mrs. Brown. Orientation: radical; Liberal.

Sources: BUCOP.; Mitchell's.; Fox-Bourne, H.R., vol 2 (1887): 298.; Cooper, Dictionary of Contemporaries.; Ellis III, Ted R. "Victorian Comic Periodicals" in Sullivan, British Literary Magazines, vol 3, Appendix G.; Ellis, Ted R. III. "Burlesque Dramas in the Victorian Comic Magazines." VPR 14:4 (Winter 1982): 138-142.; Gray, Donald A. "A List of Comic Periodicals Published in Great Britain, 1800-1900, with a Prefatory Essay." VPN no 15 (Mar 1972): 2-39.; Rayner, William. "Comic Newspapers." N&Q. 9 4s (Jun 1872): 479-80.; Scully, Richard. “The Other Kaiser: Wilhelm I and British Cartoonists, 1861-1914.” Victorian Periodicals Review. 44:1. Baltimore: John Hopkins Univ Press, 2011. pp.69-98; Spielmann, “Illustrated Comic Press”; Uffelman, 1992.; White's The English Literary Journal to 1900.; Douglas, Drawing Conclusions; Willing, James. Willing's Press Guide. Vol 18. London: Willing, 1891. p.44

Histories: VPR 14:4, p.144-49; Bailey, Culture and Performance, 1998.; Bourne, H.R. Fox. English Newspapers. vol 2. New York: Russell & Russell, 1966.; Bowers, Fredson (ed). Studies in Bibliography (vol 25). Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1972.; Ellis III, Ted R. "The Dramatist and the Comic Journal in England, 1830-1870." Diss. 29: 2209A Northwestern Univ, 1968.; Ellis, T. R., "Burlesque Dramas in the Victorian Comic Magazines." VPR 15 (1982): 138-43.; Garlick, Barbara, and Margaret Harris, eds. Victorian Journalism: Exotic and Domestic. Essays in Honour of P. D. Edwards. Queensland: Queensland University Press, 1998.; Graham, British Literary Periodicals, p.366.; Hughes, "Poetry" p.127.; Jones, John Bush. "W. S. Gilbert's Contributions to Fun, 1865-1874." Bulletin of the New York Public Library 73 (1969): 253-66.; Kemnitz, "Matt Morgan and English Cartooning."; Reid, 58 British Artists; Spielmann, M.H. "The Rivals of Punch." NR 25 654-66.; Stedman, Jane W. W. S. Gilbert: A Classic Victorian and his Theatre. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996.; Stedman, Jane W. in Sullivan, British Literary Magazines, vol 3, pp.135-138.; Kent, Christopher. "War Cartooned/Cartoon War: Matt Morgan and the American Civil War in Fun and Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper." VPR 36:2 (Summer 2003): 153-181; Horrocks, Jamie. "Asses and Aesthetes." VPR. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 46:1, Spring 2013, pp.1-36
  Comments: "We scorn sheltering ourself under the anonymous, and boldly publish the names of our contributors; PAN will give us a sort of Saturday Review of Music and the Drama. MOMUS will keep his eye on the Parliamentary proceedings (he is staying in Wales, at Mirth-er Tydvil, at present, but will run up to town this week), superintend the metrical department, compose all the comic songs, and 'write all de riddles.' TOUCHSTONE, who is transferred from the Woods and Forests to Fleet Street (much to Audrey's delight), will undertake to play clown to our most enormous circle of readers. YORICK (those damaging remarks about him in Hamlet are untrue, he is alive, and, as the country papers say of the gigantic gooseberry, 'to be seen in our office') has recovered his skull from a repentant property-man of the period, and is to be our sub-head-itor. FALSTAFF is one of our real staff, and in consideration of his general incompetency will 'always be retained on the establishment.'" (Introduction, which the reader is requested NOT to skip, vol 1, p.3).
"The paper's heavy emphasis on the war - no other topic received anywhere near its coverage - was clearly a matter of editorial policy....Fun's politics were liberal and supportive of the Prime Minister Lord Palmerston. It's staff was largely composed of gentlemen...also bohemians, closely connected with the theatre as journalists and playwrights....The Fun staff took a warm interest in things American, especially American humour....Though Whistler was pro-South, Fun was not....The specificity of Morgan's cartoons, greater than those of Tenniel's in Punch suggest a readership that followed the war in close detail....Lincoln appeared in twenty five of Morgan's forty five cartoons for Fun in every case discreditably...scowling, black bearded Lincoln represented the forces of darkness" (Kent, Christopher; pp.153-181).
"Known as the 'Poor Man's Punch,' Fun was Punch's most successful rival and surpassed Punch in its commentary on literature, fine arts, and the theatre" (Ellis III, Ted R.). Fun "distinguished [itself] by appealing to the lower-middle class, as opposed to Punch's upper-class readership, and by carrying a genre which was slower to catch on in England than in France and Germany: the comic strip" (VPR #3 1992, p.99).
Kemnitz writes that cartoonists for a number of weeklies "looked to Punch for guidance and inspiration. In the early months of Fun in 1861 and 1862, its young cartoonist - Matt Morgan - literally traced the likenesses he needed from the Punch cartoons" (6).
Fun and Punch used verse to mock "political overreach or foolishness-their humor serving not only to leaven the sting of criticism (and evade libel) but also to cut the powerful down to size" (Hughes 127).
According to the National Library of Scotland catalogue, the issues from 1861 to 1901 are also called number 1 to number 1885.

Location: partial runs: LO/N-1 A vols 1-4 (1861-1863), CA/U-1 A vols 1-73 (1861-1901 inc), MA/P-1, Nottingham Public Library, NO/U-1, QW/P39, SA/U-1, LO/N15 F, LV/U-1 G (1866-1876 inc), LD/U-1 (1867-1874 inc), ED/N-1 A (lacking 1867-1878), QZ/P-1 vols 11-12, 35-73 (1870, 1882-1901), DB/U-1 A; REPRINT EDITIONS: microform: English Literary Periodicals (UMI), reels 476-91; N.America: see Fulton; ULS 3; The full text is available on CENGAGE from Gale. The full text is available at ProQuest .

Reproduced by permission, British Newspaper Library

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